Causes of Kenyan girls dropping out of school (Trócaire)

Not completing secondary education increases a girl's risk of HIV infection. In Kenya, what are the barriers to adolescent girls and young women staying in school?

Causes of Kenyan girls dropping out of school (Trócaire)

The DREAMS Challenge called for innovative solutions to help reduce HIV/AIDS infections among adolescent girls in 10 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Trócaire in Kenya successfully won a DREAMS grant with Africa’s Voices and other partners.

Kenya suffers from one of the highest HIV rates in the world. Women are  particularly vulnerable, with a national prevalence rate of 7%, versus 4.7% for men (2015, HIV Estimate report). Especially at risk are adolescent girls and young women (15-24 years old), who account for 21% of new infections.

There is strong evidence in the existing literature that an effective strategy to reduce the vulnerability of young women to HIV is by encouraging the completion of secondary school. Thus, in collaboration with Trocaire as part of the DREAMS Challenge, we devised a programmed focused on supporting adolescent girls and young women in Siaya County and in two urban informal settlements in Nairobi (Mukuru and Kangemi) to return to and/or remain in school.

Interactive Radio Programming

Working together with community radio stations, Africa’s Voices sparked radio discussions on topics of relevance, including issues of education, puberty, reproductive health, and HIV/AIDS. Girls and young women will be encouraged to interact with the broadcasts via free SMS.

Data Analysis

Africa’s Voices carried out near-time analysis of the attitudes and perceptions of adolescent girls and young women in the target communities, and more broadly in Nairobi and Siaya, throughout the project period. We analysed three principal data sources: (1) SMS received in response to interactive radio broadcasts, (2) SMS and social media generated through the One2One Integrated Digital Platform, (3) data generated from mobile phone surveys. The rich insights we generated informed the project partners, so that they could design and deliver services that are tailored to the priorities and needs of adolescents girls.

OUTPUTS

DREAMS Season I report

Trocaire, First report for DREAMS project_ September 2017 - Google Docs

DREAMS Season II visual brief

DREAMS Season 2 visual brief

Top image was taken in Narok, Kenya. Credit: The Girl Effect.

Second image was taken in Kibera, Kenya. Credit: The Girl Effect.