Preventing violent extremism in Somalia through the Strength to Tolerance project

AVF'S METHODOLOGY DEPLOYED TO UNDERSTAND FACTORS CAUSING VIOLENT EXTREMISM IN THE HORN OF AFRICAN STATE.

The challenge

Threats of violent extremism are common in Somalia and are now intertwined on a local, regional and international scale. Somali’s multifaceted, persistent and the never ending political instability, primarily orchestrated by the insurgency of the militia groups, has led to degradation of peace and security in the Horn of Africa State and its neighbours. 

The situation has compounded the existing governance and inequality issues. Efforts to build a functioning state have over the decades been frustrated by violent extremism fueled by the collapse of state institutions like the judicial system, inter-clan conflicts, extreme poverty, and youth unemployment, all of which have thrown Somalia and it’s citizens in a desolate state. 

Perpetrators of violent extremism take advantage of long standing social differences in the communities to undermine social contract between government and its citizens. Children, women, people living with disabilities and internally displaced individuals have borne the brunt of violent activities in Somalia. They are the easy targets by the extremists’ brutality, which include depriving them of their basic freedoms/ rights among other inhumane activities. 

Preventing violent extremism in Somalia

Understanding factors causing violent extremism in the Horn of African state through analysis of conflict, drivers of violent extremism and capacities for peace.

Our intervention

Africa’s Voices Foundation (AVF), in partnership with European Institute for Peace (EIP) and Elman Peace Centre (EPC) , is implementing a four year project dubbed Strength to Tolerance in Somalia (Puntland, Jubaland and Galmudug) supported by European Union. The project aims at contributing towards an enhanced partnership and a joint approach between the Somali government and communities. This will help address factors causing violent extremism in the Horn of African state through analysis of conflict, drivers of violent extremism and capacities for peace. The project will also be key in ensuring that Somalia’s Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism policy is strengthened and mainstreamed through line ministries and FGS P/CVE policy implementation and FMS action plans supported.

AVF through its interactive radio methodology is contributing towards the consortium goal of  preventing conflict and violent extremism for a period of 24 months. It will deploy the Common Social Accountability Platform (CSAP) to:

  • Build large, inclusive and valued spaces for consulting citizens on the issues relating to preventing conflict and violent extremism (PCVE) in order to better understand community perceptions on factors that enable or constrain PCVE.
  • Amplify and promote ongoing community efforts to tackle violent extremism, particularly focusing on voices of marginalised and powerless groups, such as women and at-risk youth.
  • Ensure that consortium PCVE programming is shaped by timely and robust evidence-based on citizen perspectives throughout the project life cycle.
  • Strengthen trust between citizens and authorities, by supporting the government to be in dialogue with citizens on key decisions and programming related directly and indirectly to PCVE.

Using interactive radio methodology, Africa’s Voices is carrying out radio shows across Somalia and listeners will be encouraged to participate ( by asking questions or responding to the radio question) by sending their SMS responses to a toll-free number. Citizens’ feedback via SMS communication will be analyzed and used to inform dialogue with decision -makers to drive accountability and responsiveness. 

The Africa’s Voices methodology will ensure that citizens are meaningfully consulted, and their voice, agency and influence are used to inform decision making insofar as preventing violent extremism in Somalia is concerned. 

This project is funded by the European Union

Image: People Displaced by Conflict near Jowhar, Somalia. Photo by the United Nations.